Reconstructive plastic surgery is a form of operation based on restoring the right form. It corrects birth defects and structural abnormalities caused by accident, trauma, diseases, and infections. The surgery is mostly done on the skin and tissues but it’s not limited to reconstruction of bones and other aspects of the body.
Orthopedic surgeons and other surgeons are included in this field. The surgeon determines the type of surgery depending on the medical history of the patient. Several areas in plastic surgery may involve both cosmetic and reconstructive depending on a patient’s situation. For instance, eyelid surgery is done to improve appearance.
Patients differ because of their ability to heal and anatomy. Restoring the proper form of the part will help the individual regain self-esteem, self-worth, and confidence. In cases involving accident trauma, surgical procedures are crucial if the individual is to live a normal life. Getting a reputed plastic surgeon to undertake the task will mostly bring in satisfactory results.
The patients are expected to be well aware of the nature of the procedure. Usually, the patient undergoes testing for mental and physical capabilities to ensure no complications afterward. The surgeon should caution the patients about these risks at the outset.
With the advance in technology and treatment methods, the safety of this surgery has greatly improved. The patients who undergo this type of surgery include those having congenital anomalies (including cleft lip, craniofacial anomalies, and hand deformities) and those with developmental deformities due to infection or accidents. Reconstructive surgery may also benefit women with full or partial mastectomy
Risks related to reconstructive plastic surgery include:
- Wound healing difficulty
- Surgery problems
- Anesthesia problems
- Excessive bleeding
- Internal problems
Patients must inquire whether their surgeon is certified and has wide experience in this field. Reconstructive surgery is covered by health insurance, though coverage varies on the treatment plan.