Hypercalcemia condition occurs when the concentration of calcium is too high in your blood. Although calcium is an essential mineral for the normal function of major body organs, cells, muscles and nerves, it can cause problems when its concentration exceeds the normal. Hypercalcemia treatment mainly depends on the underlying cause and on how severe the symptoms are.
Hypercalcemia Treatment options
In mild cases, immediate treatment is not needed depending on the cause. However, continuous monitoring of its progress is needed to find out how quickly the calcium level rises and the level of calcium present in the blood. It is important at this stage to abide by your doctor’s recommendation on the clinical follow-ups and after hours support solution.
In moderate and severe cases, you will need to get hospital treatment in which the main goal is to normalize the calcium level in your blood. The treatment will also aim to prevent damage to the bones and kidneys. There are many treatment options for you to choose from in case you have a moderate or severe case of hypercalcemia; these include:
Use of Calcitonin– This is a hormone from Salmon which slows down bone loss.
Use of Calcimimetics– These types of drugs controls the overactive parathyroid glands and has been approved for managing hypercalcemia
Use of Intravenous bisphosphates is also effective in lowering the calcium levels in the blood by regulating the bone calcium.
Dialysis can also be performed to get rid of the extra calcium and other waste in case of damaged kidneys. This is usually the last resort in case the body doesn’t respond to the other treatment options.
If the cause of Hypercalcemia is due to abnormal parathyroid glands, then it is necessary to remove the abnormal cells surgically to manage the condition. This procedure has shown to effectively cure most cases of hypercalcemia as a result of hyperparathyroidism. If surgery is not an option, Sensipar can be used as it lowers the calcium level by decreasing the PTH production.
If hypercalcemia is cancer-related, your doctor will discuss the best treatment option for you. Relief from the symptoms can be alleviated by the use of intravenous fluids and other medications like bisphosphates.
Prevention of Hypercalcemia can be achieved by making positive lifestyle changes. It is advisable that you take an adequate amount of fluids to stay hydrated. Salt should also be consumed properly in the recommended daily amount of 2,000 milligrams per day per adult.